The crisis faced by the European project today is above all a crisis of meaning. After the disappearance of the narratives about peace and prosperity, the reason for Europe is now the one given by millions of Europeans. Together we must therefore explore a Europe whose institutions are a means but not an end, remain open to discovery, attentive to stories and critical of common ideas.
This six-month journey is dotted with eleven stops, eleven letters from eleven cities in nine European countries, from Russia to Sweden, Portugal to Bulgaria. They give rise to eleven debates on major issues such as defence, youth, the wounds of the past and solidarity, all of which are explored via the stories of dozens of Europeans met along the way.
La Revue Internationale de Philosophie a été fondée en 1938 avec, entre autres, le soutien de Karl Popper et de Bertrand Russell. Elle a été dirigée par Chaïm Perelman jusqu'à sa mort, en 1984, et elle est depuis lors, entre les mains de Michel Meyer.
Le but de la Revue n'est pas seulement de célébrer par des numéros spéciaux les dates anniversaires des grands philosophes et de leurs oeuvres, mais aussi de traiter de tous les thèmes qui retiennent l'attention de la philosophie: la violence, la religion, le théâtre, le roman, l'histoire, la politique, la bioéthique, la logique, l'épistémologie, la rationalité, le cinéma ou en général, l'esthétique, parmi d'autres sujets.
Les plus grands philosophes contemporains ont été honorés par la Revue, et y ont même souvent contribué, de Popper à Foucault et à Sartre, de Carnap à Derrida, de Bourdieu à Putnam et à Dworkin, de Gadamer à Rawls, Habermas ou Searle.
Ainsi, la Revue Internationale de Philosophie publie chaque fois des volumes qui traitent des sujets ou des auteurs différents, en plusieurs langues le plus souvent, mais surtout en français et en anglais. Les auteurs sont invités par une personnalité marquante du domaine traité, qui a la responsabilité du volume.
Outstanding specialists of International relations and prominent personalities provide in depth pluralist analyses of the current alternative visions and main geopolitical trends within a heterogeneous world; a world made even more uncertain following the pandemic. Europe is a player, not a playing field. Therefore, the red thread of this multidisciplinary research is: how to combine its values with its own language of power.
D. Viviers, M. Telò, J. Ikenberry, Qin Y., M. Zürn, M. Calmy-Rey, F. Mogherini, R. Tombs, A. Gamble, M. R. Djalili, P. Goldschmidt, A. A. Yusuf, N. Schrijver
"Outside. Outside of society. That's where I want to be. If you're looking, that's where you'll find me." This is what Patti Smith sang back in 1978. Where is she in 2015? With all the fame and recognition. With thirteen original albums released, her poetry regularly reprinted, her paintings and photographs on show in galleries around the world, an induction in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, a National Book Award for her first prose work, Just Kids. Is she still outside? Is she still the iconic, rebellious, rock'n'roll figure of her youth? Patti Smith has lived a rock'n'roll life, a life of words and sounds, of poetry and images. She has slept on doorsteps, on park benches. But perhaps she never meant to be outside. Perhaps she did not want to be a rebel. Perhaps being outside is only a price she had to pay. These are the issues addressed in this collection of essays, not from a historical or sociological angle, but through her artistry. An attempt at locating Patti Smith by assessing her trajectory, her complex, unpredictable moves. "Oh I just move in another dimension," she sings on "Ain't It Strange", before inviting us to come and join her. We have tried and followed her.
In April and May 1917, the village of Bullecourt, near Arras, in the north of France, was the scene of one of the biggest bloodbaths of the First World War. The ground of the former battlefield still retains the bodies of hundreds of missing Australian, British and German soldiers...
The memory of the deadly combat would have remained buried as well were it not for the efforts of a couple of schoolteachers who took an interest in the ordeal of these soldiers in the 1980s.
For more than three decades, Claude and Colette Durand have gathered dozens of accounts of Australian veterans which now allow us to get a clearer picture of the horror that was the battle of Bullecourt. In the process, they formed a long-lasting bond with Australia about the sacrifice of these men who came from the ends of the earth.
But the book also shows the hidden face of the commemorative events that mark the centenary of World War 1, as the official tributes mask a shadier reality.
(The extended version is only available on tablets iPad)
From hard scrabble origins on the Plains of North Dakota, to longshoremen organizing on Manhattan's West Side docks, to living the life of a Bohemian poet in Los Angeles and beyond, Thomas McGrath's literary aspirations took him far from his humble beginnings. For over six decades, McGrath created poems based largely on the themes of love, work, and political justice. His love of the prairie and his early years on a working farm were central to his life. The virtues of the agrarian community plus the Catholic faith of his family, shaped his Old West character. He was a political progressive and at times a member of the Communist Party of America. In the 1950's, he was brought before the House Un-American Activities Committee and blacklisted following his appearance. McGrath was the consummate non-conformist in his life and art. He refused to submit to the philosophy that politics and poetry must be kept separate. His epic work, Letter to an Imaginary Friend, is anchored by progressive politics, political and social theory, his love of family, his love of love, and, arguably, the greatest layering of language idioms in the history of American poetry.
Many writers started their professional lives in very diverse fields before embracing writing, or on the contrary have turned away from writing. The present volume seeks to explore the complex relationship between that `other life' and writing. The aim is to determine whether a writer's `other life' appears in, influences or even shapes his/her work, and to what extent. What is the part of gestation and that of rupture? A diversity of writers is examined: Patrick Chamoiseau, J. M. Coetzee, Jan J. Dominique, Janet Frame, Amitav Ghosh, L. K. Johnson, Wilson Harris, Dany Laferrière, Yannick Lahens, NourbeSe Philip, Emmelie Prophète, Arundhati Roy, Edward Said, but also Bartolomé de las Casas and E. L. Grant Watson. Unpublished autobiographical essays and a poem are included, especially written for the volume by Marie-Célie Agnant, Cyril Dabydeen and Fred D'Aguiar.
Laurence Ndong reveals to us the hidden ways of Gabonese politics. She describes the political misery she actually witnessed, a misery so deep that it threatens her hopes regarding the future of her country.
Most of all, she writes in order to share with every Gabonese her strongest conviction: that it is possible to build a better country, it is possible to change mentalities toward a true prosperity.
Laurence Ndong also wonders about the international community's outrageous silence regarding the violations of human rights. She analyses the underlying factors behind the country's social, values and economical crisis.
This book is definitely more than a political read, it is a Societal piece of work that includes valuable advice andreal-life examples, while recounting Laurence's trials. It also provides a direction for anyone aspiring to a civic, political, institutional and organizational leadership position.
On the eve of the democratic elections scheduled in South Africa in 2009, this collection of essays analyses the many ways in which South Africans have been trying to heal the wounds of apartheid, as advocated in Nelson Mandela's famous 1994 speech, delivered at the dawn of the ` new ' South Africa. The articles encompass such diverse fields as politics, literature, cinema, welfare policies or education, and they all seek to explore the sea change which totally reshaped South African identity in the last fifteen years that followed the demise of apartheid. The notion of ` healing the wounds' is used both as a pretext and as a focal point to build up as complete a picture as possible of South Africa today. The specificity of the collection is to define healing as an ongoing process whose result seems to remain a rather elusive goal.
À la veille des élections démocratiques prévues en Afrique du Sud en 2009, ce recueil explore les nombreuses stratégies mises en place par les Sud-Africains pour tenter de guérir les blessures de l'apartheid, obéissant ainsi à la fameuse injonction émise par Nelson Mandela en 1994, à l'aube d'une nouvelle ère pour son pays. S'ils évoquent des questions aussi diverses que la politique, la littérature, le cinéma, la politique sociale ou l'éducation, les articles ici rassemblés s'accordent tous à faire le bilan des changements impressionnants qui ont métamorphosé le paysage identitaire sud-africain au cours des quinze dernières années. Le prisme de la guérison des blessures du passé est à la fois le prétexte et le point focal de ce qui se veut un panorama aussi large que possible de l'Afrique du Sud aujourd'hui. La guérison y est envisagée comme un processus en cours, dont le résultat demeure, dans tous les domaines, pour le moins incertain.
Emerging countries have increasingly acquired a crucial importance in the international area over the last few decades. Their growing influence in the international system and their roles as rising powers in the political, economic and military spheres have been largely analysed and have raised intense debates. However, the relations between their emergence as new dominant powers at an international level and their political evolution at a national level have been less studied. To what extent are the political institutions and the elites of rising powers different from those of western countries? At an international level do their trajectories have any influence on the evolution of their political and institutional characteristics? What is the impact of such rising nations on the organization of internal power structures and the functioning of their national institutions? These are some of the questions raised in this book.
The chapters in this book aim at assessing the links between the international and national dimensions with a pluridisciplinary approach. Focusing on four rising powers (Brazil, China, Russia and Turkey), a large diversity of themes are emphasized including the organisation of institutions, the nature and development of regimes, the political legitimacy of institutions for citizens, the different territorial levels for the organisation of power, ideological debates about the founding principles of regimes as well as the role and the place of elites, and also their ideologies and their transformations and the policies that they implement. The originality of this book relies on the analysis of the rising powers from the inside, with most of the contributions by scholars coming from the very countries under study.
This collection offers a follow up to the first collection of essays Revisiting Slave Narratives / Les Avatars des récits d'esclaves (2005), whose purpose was to bring together African-merican and Caribbean neo-slave novels. In 2007, the year of the bicentennial anniversary of the official abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in the British colonial Empire, the memorialisation and commemoration events should not obliterate the fact that, through the prison of slave narratives and neo-slave novels, it is our present that is at stake. In order to show how our societies and minds still need to be manumitted, the essays in this collection examine books of fiction by André Brink, Octavia Butler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Cristina Garcia, Edward P. Jones, Paule Marshall, Phyllis Perry, Susan Straight, and books of non-fiction by Malcom X or John Edgar Wideman ; as well as works by poets like Fred D'Aguiar or Marilyn Nelson, by playwrights like Robbie Mc Cauley, Derek Walcott or August Wilson, and by visual artists like David Boxer, Christopher Cozier, Glenn Ligon, or Kara Walker.
The united Nations exercice a worldwide responsability and, yet, too often is little known by the general public. When and why was the United Nations founded ? What are its ideals, its goals and the means at its disposal for reaching them ? What is its structure ? How does it function ? What are the problems it faces day-to-day and in the long term ?
How can the men and women who head the organization and work for it, set aside the conflicts their own countries are involved in and devote their energies to the realization of mankind's loftiest goals: the establishment of a just and lasting peace for all in the world ?
This book explores changes in eating habits in African, Latin American and Asian cities. It reveals-through studies on city dwellers' food practices and representations-the inadequacy of an analytical approach to these changes in terms of Westernization, standardization, transition or convergence towards a widely applicable model. Surveys conducted in cities of the Global South revealed that city dwellers are inventing new forms of eating based on a multitude of local and/or exogenous sources.
Falconry has been the pursuit of kings, emperors, emirs, khans, merchants and travellers for over 2000 years. It has provided subjects for literature and art, and been discussed in works of zoology, medicine, and law. The papers in this volume originated in a conference held at New York University at Abu Dhabi, and discuss issues on medieval falconry around the Mediterranean. This includes treatises on hawks and falcons, in Spain, the Levant, Byzantium, the Arabic Middle East, and a comparison between European and Arabic manuals. Other contributions consider falconry in Arabic poetry, in Provençal and Italian literature, in little known Neo-Latin poetry, in painting. There is place for legal aspects, with regulations concerning falconry in Jewish law, and for concrete realities: the spread of falconry from Central Asia to Europe as documented by archaeology, falconry at the Sforza court of Milan and the trade of the highly prized gyrfalcons. Through these case studies, the Mediterranean appears as a space of exchange and mutual influence.
True happiness is happiness without a cause.
This book is a key that has the power to take us to happiness, simply because its author has dedicated his entire life to understanding what it is, communicating it and teaching it in a lively and selfless way. Happy people will use it as a sounding board to seek to amplify their happiness. Those who are on the way will find markers, signposts and perhaps even a compass...
`Happiness is like a ball: you keep kicking it and running after it, and just as you are about to catch it, you kick it again... and start running after it all over again. Yes, it is the chase that stimulates you. It is in the quest, in the pursuit of a goal that you find happiness.
When you get something you want, of course, you are happy for a little while, but that satisfaction is soon followed by a feeling of emptiness, and you start to want something else. Your satisfaction never lasts. So what is the answer? The answer is to set out in pursuit of the farthest and most inaccessible goal: perfection, immensity and eternity. In pursuing this goal, you will find all the things you desire: knowledge, wealth, power and love. Yes, you will find these things without even asking for them.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
Table of contents
1 - Happiness: A Gift to be Cultivated
2 - Happiness is not Pleasure
3 - Happiness is Found in Work
4 - A Philosophy of Effort
5 - Light Makes for Happiness
6 - The Meaning of Life
7 - Peace and Happiness
8 - If You want to be Happy, Be Alive
9 - Rise Above your Circumstances
10 - Develop a Sensitivity to the Divine
11 - The Land of Canaan
12 - The Spirit is Above the Laws of Fate
13 - Look for Happiness on a Higher Level
14 - The Quest for Happiness is a Quest for God
15 - No Happiness for Egoists
16 - Give Without Expecting Anything in Return
17 - Love Without Asking to be Loved in Return
18 - Our Enemies are Good for Us
19 - The Garden of Souls and Spirits
20 - Fusion on the Higher Planes
21 - We are the Artisans of Our Own Future
Discovering the two great cosmic principles.
As we get used to observing and listening to nature, we come into contact with the soul of the different kingdoms and elements, such as that of water and fire. Water is the symbol of the raw material, the matrix of life, and this life came out of the water thanks to the principle of fire, symbol of the spirit, which set this matter in motion. So life on earth was also born from the action of fire on water. In this work these two elements are considered as the two principles of creation, like the feminine - the horizontal line - and the masculine - the vertical line: from these two assembled lines is born the symbol of the cross whose origin dates back to the oldest antiquity. Numerous analogies and explanations clarify the meanings and influences of these elements on the physical, psychological, psychic and spiritual levels.
'Our psychic life is shaped and moulded every day by the forces and influences we allow to enter and impregnate us. This is why it is essential to have a store of lovely pictures that we can conjure up in our minds often, pictures that are with us day and night, so that our thoughts may be constantly in touch with all that is most elevated, pure and sacred. And what is more beautiful, more poetic or more full of meaning than water and fire, and the different forms in which they appear to us? You can fill your whole life with these pictures, and absorb them until they impregnate every cell of your body.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
Table of contents
1 - The Two Principles of Creation, Water and Fire
2 - The Secret of Combustion
3 - Water, the Matrix of Life
4 - Civilization, a Product of Water
5 - The Living Chain of Sun, Earth and Water
6 - A Blacksmith Works with Fire
7 - Water is Born of Mountains
8 - Physical and Spiritual Water
9 - Feeding the Flame
10 - The Essential Role of Fire
11 - The Cycle of Water: Reincarnation
12 - The Cycle of Water: Love and Wisdom
13 - A Candle Flame
14 - How to Light and Tend Fire
15 - Water, the Universal Medium
16 - The Magic Mirror
17 - Trees of Light
18 - The Coming of the Holy Spirit
19 - A Treasury of Pictures
`The sephirotic Tree, the cabbalistic Tree of Life, is an image of the universe, which God dwells in and imbues with his essence. It is a symbolic representation of the divine life that flows through the whole of creation. The Tree of Life is a system which can be of tremendous importance in helping us to avoid dispersing our spiritual activity. If you work with this Tree for years, if you study it and savour its fruits, you will be introducing the balance and harmony of cosmic Life into your own lives.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
`"Know thyself" was the maxim inscribed on the pediment of the temple at Delphi. What is this `self' that we have to know? Is it a question of knowing our own vices and virtues, our strengths and weaknesses? No: to know oneself is to know the different bodies (the physical, etheric, mental, causal, buddhic and atmic bodies) of which we are formed and what each of these bodies needs. If the initiates of old insisted so much on the necessity of self-knowledge it was because this knowledge opens up tremendous possibilities for growth, progress and success. As long as man is ignorant of the needs of his higher self, he will continue to surfeit his physical body while his soul and spirit suffocate and die of hunger and thirst.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
To be born a second time is to be born to a new life, the life of the Kingdom of God, the life of the great Universal White Brotherhood.
Two thousand years ago, in Palestine, Jesus gave us the key to all spiritual work, when he said, Unless a man be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the Kingdom of God. Today, the Master Omaam Mikhaël Aïvanhov interprets these words for our benefit. The water Jesus speaks of is Love; the Spirit, fire, is Wisdom, and Love and Wisdom unite to give birth to Truth which is the new life. In his commentary, the Master Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov shows how these three virtues of Love, Wisdom and Truth, correspond to man's psychic structure composed of heart, mind and will. Explaining that our physical bodies mirror our psychic being, he shows how Cosmic Intelligence has inscribed the secret of love in our mouths, that of wisdom in our ears and that of truth in our eyes.
This volume, which is the first of a series, sets out the essential foundations of Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov's Teaching and reveals the vast scope of his thought in which Holy Scripture, esoteric symbolism and the sciences of man and of nature meet and complete each other in one all-embracing synthesis.
Table of contents
1. The Second Birth
2. `Ask, and it Shall be Given to You. Seek, and You Shall Find. Knock, and it Shall be Opened to You.'
3. Truth is Hidden in the Eyes
4. Wisdom is Hidden in the Ears
5. Love is Hidden in the Mouth
6. Love, Wisdom and Truth
7. The Master of the Universal White Brotherhood - Peter Deunov
8. The Living Chain of the Universal White Brotherhood
`There are several possible attitudes towards love. You can eat it, you can drink it, and you can breathe it, but you can also live in it.
Those who eat love remain on the physical plane and are never fully satisfied because they are content with pleasures of a lower order. The pleasures of those who drink love are less crude, but they are still confined to the delights and satisfactions of the astral plane. Certain philosophers, writers and artists, who have managed to reach the mental plane, breathe love; love is the constant source of their inspiration. Only those who live in love, in the subtle, etheric dimension of love, truly possess it. For them it is light in the mind and warmth in the heart, and they can pour out that light and warmth on those around them. Those who live in this love possess all fullness.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
`Human beings come and go, work and play, and busy themselves with all kinds of things, never realizing that their life is growing dim and dirty because they do nothing to protect it. They think that the life they have received is theirs to dispose of, and that they have a right to use it for pleasure or to become rich, learned or renowned, as they please. So they draw on their reserves without restraint until, one day, they find themselves utterly spent and obliged to abandon all their activities. It is completely senseless to behave like that for, once we have wasted our supply of life, we have no other resources to fall back on.
`The Sages have always said that the only thing that is essential is life itself, and that we must protect, purify and sanctify it and eliminate whatever may hinder or prevent it from developing. And, if we do so, life will give us everything else: health, strength, power, intelligence and beauty - everything! The highest form of magic, the highest form of White Magic is to lead a pure, luminous life.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
True Alchemy does not consist in the spectacular transmutation of base metals into gold, but in the spiritual transmutation of man's own matter.
Grains of sand are transformed into pearls; summer sees twisted, blackened vine-stocks burst into leaf and bow beneath the weight of their grapes; caterpillars are metamorphosed into butterflies; galvanoplasty transforms a drab piece of base metal into a golden ornament... All these different ways of transforming things are familiar to us but we have never studied them sufficiently closely to realize that they contain the secret of our own inner metamorphosis.
If a tree, for instance, is capable of transforming the raw mineral nutrients it draws from the soil into the sugar-sap which enables it to produce flowers and fruits, why should man not do likewise? Why should we not be capable of transforming the raw juices of our instincts and passions so that they produce a rich harvest of flowers and fruit, in the form of vitality in our physical bodies, love and joy in our hearts and understanding and wisdom in our minds?
Contrary to most esoteric thinkers, whose aim is to give their disciples a better intellectual understanding of religious and philosophical doctrines, the Teaching of the Master Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov points in another direction, to a higher goal that is more important for mankind. His ideas are accessible to everyone and applicable to their daily lives as well as to the life of the spirit.
This volume presents a choice of talks given by the Master Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov which are pedagogical in nature: the reader will be surprised to see himself reflected in this light, his behaviour is explained to him in a way both graphic and highly imaginative. He will be able to size himself up and overcome the faults and weaknesses that are his limitations. That force within us which leads us astray is our `personality', and thanks to the wisdom contained in this volume we can learn to use it properly so that instead of being our enemy it becomes a precious ally. Instead of condemning ourselves to certain failure by struggling against our own nature, we can learn to control and use it in order to rise to greater, nobler heights. Little by little each one of us can discover his own higher Self, his `individuality' which not only is above all the contradictions of his lower nature but is capable of using them to create inner harmony and truly brotherly relations amongst men.
A Spiritual Master is first of all an example.
A true Spiritual Master is not only a being who knows the essential truths, who possesses control, domination and self-mastery. He is above all a being who, in his multiple past incarnations, had to make the same experiences, the same mistakes, overcome the same obstacles as us before becoming what he is. That is why he is a reference to give us the best conditions to manifest the qualities buried in us.
`For a disciple, to meet his Master is to find a mother who accepts to carry him nine months in her womb to bring him into the spiritual world. And once he is born, that is to say awake, his eyes discover the beauty of creation, his ears hear the divine word, his mouth tastes heavenly food, his feet carry him to the different places of space to do good, and his hands learn to create in the subtle world of the soul.'
Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov
Table of contents
1 - How to Recognize a True Spiritual Master
2 - The Necessity for a Spiritual Master
3 - The Sorcerer's Apprentice
4 - The Exotic Should not be Confused with Spirituality
5 - Learn How to Balance the Material and Spiritual Worlds
6 - A Master is a Mirror Reflecting the Truth
7 - A Master is There Only to Give Light
8 - The Disciple and His Master
9 - The Universal Dimension of a Master
10 - The Magical Presence of a Master
11 - Identification
12 - 'Except Ye Become as Little Children...