Cette recommandation porte sur la maîtrise de la langue de scolarisation dans les différentes matières enseignées et son importance pour la réussite des apprenants.De nombreux facteurs jouent un rôle bien connu dans la réussite ou l'échec scolaire (situation socio-économique de la famille, aide que peut trouver l'apprenant auprès de ses parents, démarches pédagogiques, niveau de formation des enseignants, soutien précoce, etc.).Le manque de maîtrise de formes linguistiques diversifiées détermine pour partie l'échec scolaire, comme le confirment les enquêtes du Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) et du Programme international de recherche en lecture scolaire (PIRLS).La maîtrise de la ou des langue(s) de scolarisation représente l'une des voies devant permettre d'atteindre l'objectif - que se fixent la Commission européenne et de nombreuses autorités au niveau national - d'une réduction du nombre d'apprenants quittant le système scolaire sans qualification. Les mesures en faveur d'une maîtrise suffisante des compétences en langue de scolarisation par tous les élèves relèvent de la lutte contre l'échec scolaire et participent ainsi au premier chef à la recherche d'équité et de qualité dans l'éducation.
This recommendation concerns the mastery of the language of schooling in the various subjects taught and its importance for learners' success.Many factors have well-documented roles to play in a learner's educational success or failure (the family's socio-economic situation, help available to learners from their parents, educational activities, level of teacher training, early support, etc.).Inadequate command of a wide range of linguistic forms partly determines educational failure, as confrmed by the programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS).Mastery of the language(s) of schooling is one of the ways to achieve the goal set by the European Commission and by a wide range of national authorities of reducing the number of learners leaving the education system without qualifcations. The measures to promote an adequate mastery of competences in the language of schooling on the part of all students are part of the action against educational failure, and thus an important contribution to the search for equity and quality in education.
With the possible exception of "employability", no word is used more frequently in current education debate than "quality". However, quality itself is rarely debated. It tends to be taken for granted and discussions focus on how it may best be achieved.The Council of Europe takes the view that the quality of education needs to be assessed in accordance with what we - public authorities, educators and the public in general - want education to achieve. The Committee of Ministers Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)13 on ensuring quality education links the notion of quality to the purposes of education: preparation for employment; preparation for life as active citizens in democratic societies; personal development; or the development and maintenance of a broad and advanced knowledge base. The recommendation considers that ensuring quality education is a public responsibility which needs to be adapted to the level of education and age of students. It distinguishes between the quality of individual schools and higher education institutions and the quality of education systems. It also emphasises that, at system level, social inclusion must be seen as an integral part of the notion of quality. If an education system has a few lite schools and higher education institutions but does not provide adequate opportunities for all its students, it cannot be considered a high quality system.
Mobility is considered to be important for the personal development and employability of young people, as well as for intercultural dialogue, participation and active citizenship. Learning mobility in the youth field focuses on non-formal learning as a relevant part of youth work, with links to informal learning as well as to formal education. Different stakeholders at European level, particularly the Council of Europe and the European Commission, but also individual member states, foster programmes and strategies to enhance the mobility of young people, and particularly the learning dimension in mobility schemes.
This book on learning mobility is a joint Council of Europe and European Commission publication, and provides texts of an academic, scientific, political and practical nature for all stakeholders in the youth field - youth leaders and youth workers, policy makers, researchers and so on. It should contribute to dialogue and co-operation between relevant players and to discussion on the further development and purpose of youth mobility schemes and their outcomes for young people.
This is a manual for teachers in Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC) and Human Rights Education (HRE), EDC/HRE textbook editors and curriculum developers. Nine teaching units of approximately four lessons each focus on key concepts of EDC/HRE. The lesson plans give step-by-step instructions and include student handouts and background information for teachers. In this way, the manual is suitable for trainees or beginners in the teaching profession and teachers who are receiving in-service teacher training in EDC/HRE. Experienced teachers may draw on the ideas and materials. The complete manual provides a full school year's curriculum for students in upper secondary school (grades 10 to 12), but as each unit is also complete in itself, the manual allows great flexibility of use.The objective of EDC/HRE is the active citizen who is willing and able to participate in the democratic community. Therefore, EDC/HRE strongly emphasises action and task-based learning. This manual for upper secondary level focuses on key competences that enable young people to participate in democratic decision making and to meet the challenges of a dynamic pluralist society. Key concepts of EDC/HRE are taught as tools of lifelong learning.